The Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) and the Palestine Monetary Authority (PMA) announced the preliminary results of the Palestinian Balance of Payments (BoP) for the second quarter of 2018 under the joint issuance cycle for the Palestinian Balance of Payments (BoP). It should be notedthat the data excludes those parts of Jerusalem which were annexed by Israel occupation in 1967.
The preliminary results of BoP for the second quarter of 2018 showed:
·Anincessant deficit in the Current Account (goods, services, income, current transfers) which totaled USD 373.3 million marking a decreaseof 15.6% compared to the previous quarter, mainly triggered by the deficit of the Trade Balance of Goods, which reached USD 1,178.9 million, as well as the deficit in Services Balance, which amounted to USD 248.3 million.
·The decrease in deficit of the Current Account mainly triggered by the increase of current transfers of donors to government sector by 200.9% compared to the previous quarter.
·The surplus in Income Account (compensations of employees and investments income) amounted to USD 603.7million with an increase of 6.1% compared to the previous quarter. This surplus was due to compensations of the employees working in Israel, which reached USD 568.3 million. As for the received investments income, it amounted to USD 64.1 million; and was mainly caused by theincome received on the portfolio investments abroad, in addition to theinterest received on the Palestinian deposits in banks abroad.
·The Current Transfers achieved a surplus value amounted to USD 450.2million with an increase of 29.3% compared to the previous quarter. This was due to the increase of the transfers of donors to the government sector. The transfers to the government sector contributed with 30.1% of total transfers from abroad, while the transfers to other sectorswas 69.9%. The donors’ current transfers constituted 30.8% of total transfers from abroad.
·The preliminaryresults showed a surplus value for the Capital and Financial Account amounted to USD 288.3 million, the surplus in the Capital and Financial Account was mainly caused by the surplus in the Capital Account which reached USD 77.8 million, and the surplus in Financial Account which amounted to USD 210.5 million. There was a decrease in the reserve assets at PMA amounted to USD 28.8million, compared to an increase of USD 106.6million in the previous quarter.
It is worth mentioning that the Balance of Payments (BoP) is used to determinethe economic position of a country compared to other countries worldwide, and to calculate the size of its external debt.This data enables researchers and decision makers to devise informed economic policies and development plans to improve their external balance to guarantee the stability of the state and sustain the economic growth. BoP data was prepared according to the latest international recommendations taking into account the specificity of the Palestinian situation.